Thursday, May 21, 2020

Summary American Sign Language - 957 Words

Harmony Kelly Mrs. Barbara Carr American Sign Language 1 20 October 2015 Alice Cogswell What would you do if you were Deaf and living in America during the early 1800’s and before? Think of how hard it would be to learn when the teachers in the classroom would talk out loud and you couldn’t hear what they were saying. It was very difficult for Deaf students who lived before the 1800’s to get any education. Rich people would send their children across the ocean to Europe where they could attend the Braidwood Academy in Great Britain among other great schools for the Deaf. The many who couldn’t afford it just had to live in silence looking on from the outside. One of the problems besides having trouble getting an education, was that many people misunderstood Deafness. Many people believed that because Deaf people couldn’t hear and usually couldn’t speak, that they also couldn’t think intelligently or reason. Some believed that Deafness was a curse for bad behavior. One young Deaf girl by the name of Alice Cog swell helped to change that thwarted thinking. She motivated and inspired Thomas Gallaudet to study education for Deaf people and then later open the 1st school for the Deaf in America. In Hartford Connecticut on August 31 1805, Alice Cogswell was born. She was a bright little girl and very intelligent. When she was two years old, she had a severe bout of â€Å"spotted fever† which is thought to have been a form of meningitis. Because of that illness, Alice lost her hearingShow MoreRelatedDeaf Culture Essay6276 Words   |  26 PagesApril 19,2013 Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to answer the major question, what is Deaf culture? There are three sub-questions that will assist in answering the major question: (1) What constitutes Deaf culture? (2) How has American Sign Language impacted the Deaf community? (3) What are the major issues that are being addressed in Deaf culture today? With these questions answer, it will give a better understanding as to what Deaf culture is and that it is indeed a culture. The methodologyRead MoreIntercultural Communication Stumbling Blocks By Samovar, Porter, Mcdaniel Roy1267 Words   |  6 Pagesthat individuals who come from a certain culture may be having towards people who come from another culture. Also, the non-verbal signs and symbols also act as a stumbling block of intercultural communication. This paper will consider the similarities that exist between these two articles regarding the intercultural communication as well as their differences. Summary of Intercultural communication stumbling blocks by Barna This article describes the practice of intercultural communication wherebyRead MoreASL Challenge Paper1016 Words   |  5 PagesASL is more than a language; it is a miracle. I find myself often perplexed by the difficulty that must have come with making a language solely from hands. It is amazing that there was a nationwide speaking of the hands for the deaf community and anyone who is interested to learn can join in easily, but only if they can hoop over some of the languages major challenges. In the article â€Å"Why is Learning American Sign Language a Challenge?† by Professor Mike Kent, he discusses the top 5 ASL challengesRead MoreA Brief Note On Middle School - Hard Of Hearing Essay788 Words   |  4 PagesDeaf Culture Response Paper Testimonial #1 (Jabrina – Middle School – Hard-of-Hearing) Summary Jabrina is a middle school student who is hard-of-hearing. She attends a private school and lives in the dorm. Jabrina states that she feels more independent at her private school verses attending a public school. Her plans for the future include attending college and pursuing a degree in the field of fashion design. The advice she gives to other hard-of-hearing students is to have confidence in yourselfRead MoreBilingual Development : A Perspective From First Language Attrition1348 Words   |  6 PagesStarting Article Summary The starting point article I chose to focus on for this comparison was ‘The Debate on Maturational Constraints in Bilingual Development: A Perspective from First-Language Attrition’ by Monika S. Schmid. In her study and subsequent article, she wanted to see if there was a correlation between Second Language Learners (and their age of acquisition) and Native Fluency - in detail, whether or not they have a maturational constraint in reaching native fluency in grammar, morphologyRead MoreLanguage and Cultural Barriers1350 Words   |  6 PagesInternational Business Paper â€Å"Language Barriers† Table of Contents Table of Contents†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. pg. 2 Introduction †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦............................................................................................................ pg. 3 Charleston, WV Immigrant Statistics†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. pg. 3 Common Cultural and Language Barriers†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ pg.4 How to Help†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ pg. 5 Summary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. pg. 7 References†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreDeaf Americans: Community and Culture1427 Words   |  6 Pageson the American Deaf culture. There are approximately 35 million people in the United States who are considered deaf or hard of hearing (Culture and Empowerment in the Deaf Community). The majority of these deaf people struggle in the hearing world until they can find a connection to their deafness. They constantly hunger for language and a sense of truly belonging. Once they are exposed to the deaf community, American Sign Language (ASL) as the deaf language and the closeness of the American DeafRead MoreEssay On Giving A Voice To Those Who Are Deaf929 Words   |  4 Pagesto Those Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing What is the purpose of this project? Provide a summary of what will be accomplished and who will benefit. The main purpose of this project is to educate community members, service providers and coordinators on the use of basic American Sign Language (ASL). This will be accomplished through a community based training that will teach the basics of the ASL language and usage. This is a valuable course that will benefit the entire community, but will especiallyRead MorePaul Tillich1036 Words   |  5 Pagesviews of Paul Tillich on religious language. (35 marks) In this essay I am going to critically assess the views of Paul Tillich’s views on religious language. I will first start by critically assessing Paul Tillich’s theory of religious language being presented as symbols and his rejections of signs. I will then conclude and provide a short summary before moving on to views for and against his ideas, before stating my own thoughts. Paul Tillich was a German- American theologian who believed that itRead MoreCultural Influences On End Of Life Care916 Words   |  4 Pagesthey are more culturally. More than 500 nations of Native Americans exist in the United States with a population of over four million people. Each has their own language, culture, healers, and tribal customs and religions informed (B. Stuart, Cherry, J. Stuart, 2011). The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader of cultural influences on end of life care in the Native American culture. Content Beliefs and Practices Native Americans believe that death is a natural and necessary part of life;

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How A Charge Nurse Uses Mission Command - 1777 Words

How A Charge Nurse Uses Mission Command CDT Revels, Michael J. University of Texas at El Paso Abstract This paper discuss the how a charge nurse uses mission command on a daily basis. It discusses the responsibilities of a charge nurse as a leader and as a nurse, the definition of mission command and the mission command system, the principles of mission command, and how a charge nurse uses three of the six principles. Various articles, books, and journals were pulled in order to discuss these various topics concerning mission command and how a charge nurse utilizes its principles. How a Charge Nurse Uses Mission Command Mission command is a basic, yet complex concept used by leaders to bring their people together to complete a mission. Though it is a term coined by the military, the concept behind it is almost universal in the sense that it can be utilized within any team of people to complete a task. Those who work in a hospital environment know this better than most, and for charge nurses, utilizing the concepts of mission command is essential if they want to be an effective leader when taking charge of their floor. The responsibilities of a charge nurse must first be defined in order to completely understand how they utilize mission command to complete their tasks. A charge nurse’s primary responsibility is to manage the specific ward or floor in a hospital to which they are assigned and the many staff also assigned to that floor. ThereShow MoreRelatedThe Pros And Cons Of The Primary Nursing Model733 Words   |  3 PagesIn the primary nursing model the registered nurse works autonomously as the patient’s primary care provider throughout hospitalization (Yoder-Wise, 2015). The nursing staff works along side the medical team to provide comprehensive care to patients, but it is mainly the nurse that provides direct patient care. The nurse managers on the unit spend a majority of their time on the business side of the hospital. However, when needed, they still have the competencies to provide patient care. 2) ARead MoreThe Organizational Structure Of Hoag Hospital1419 Words   |  6 Pagesincome populations at a discount or for free. Hoag is also involved in many charities and organizations to improve our local community. Examination of the Organization Hoag Hospital has a very clear mission statement which emphasizes being a not for profit, faith based hospital. Hoag’s main mission is to provide high quality healthcare services (Hoag, 2015). The philosophy of Hoag lies in its Core Values. The Core Values of Hoag Hospital are excellence, respect, integrity, patient centerednessRead MoreMedical Center : A Nurse For Almost Thirty Years Essay1409 Words   |  6 PagesDuring my preceptorship in Knapp medical center I was placed with a preceptor that has been a nurse for almost thirty years and she has been in Knapp for the last fourteen years. My preceptor is currently in the Intensive Care Unit department but has worked in the Telemetry floor and Emergency Room in the past years. During the time in the Intensive Care Unit my preceptor seemed well aware of the guide lines and rules of the department and she went out of her way to explain them to me. She also madeRead MoreHuman Collective Community And Organizational Actions1 271 Words   |  6 PagesFromm is quoted pointing out the following, â€Å"The incident Command system (ICS) is used to manage both an emergency incident and a nonemergency event† (Fromm 2009, p. 330). With this broad charge, ICS provides a framework to effectively manage emergencies and disasters, including a Mass Casualty Event (MCE). That said we have to understand the tools besides individual and collective task execution that he Incident Commander is able to use to bring things to the communities expected level of normalcyRead MoreOrganizational Structure : Nursing Department2625 Words   |  11 Pagesand how it affects the performance of the organization is very import. There are several theories of organization structures that will be used in this paper to expand on the knowledge of the organization structure of the nursing department under study (Burke, 2013). The existing structure The nursing department is part of the larger hospital which has its mission and vision well stated. Through the organization structure at the departmental level, nurses work towards achieving this mission, visionRead MoreJohn F. Kennedy said, â€Å"Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other† (Meliniotis, 2014).1400 Words   |  6 Pagesplace daily, nurse leaders must wear different hats on a daily basis. Nurses should have certain characteristics to succeed as a leader. Nurse leaders need to be flexible and able to adapt to various circumstances that pop up. While their primary focus may be on better patient outcomes, nurse leaders must also take into account the budget, cost effectiveness, patient safety, and quality care. For managers and leaders to function at their greatest potential, it is important for nurses to developRead MoreSQuest Essay1229 Words   |  5 Pagescompiling the information and findings comparing your personal strengths with your current job. Completing the StrengthsQuestâ„ ¢ Assignment StrengthsQuestâ„ ¢ is a self-assessment tool that will provide you with valuable feedback on your strengths (you will use your findings for this assignment as well as for the NU300 Professional Development Plan). Completing the StrengthsQuest should take about 45 minutes to finish. Click on this link to visit the website: StrengthsQuestâ„ ¢. (2010), Retrieved from https://wwwRead MoreMy Career Pathway And Decision Making Process Essay2024 Words   |  9 Pagesof nursing practice, nurse to patient ratio, organizational structure, analyze the nurse’s application and decision making processes, learning proper delegation to the collaborative team, conflict resolution while following the chain of command, and developmental growth opportunities and trainings. This facility has different styles of management that helps the hospital function effectively in all aspects of patient care. This experience has helped me grow as a student nurse, explore and expand myRead More Organizational Analysis Essay3390 Words   |  14 Pagesanalysis is an important tool to become familiar with how medical businesses and organizations are able to meet standards of care, provide services for the community and provide employment to health care providers. There are many different aspects to evaluate in an organization al analysis. This paper will describe these many aspects and apply the categories to the University Medical Center (UMC) as the organization being analyzed. Mission, Vision and Philosophy One of the first steps in developingRead MoreTransformational Leadership in Comparison to Ones Own Strengths4610 Words   |  18 Pagesstrengths are as follows: achiever, command, context, focus, and significance. In this essay I will elaborate on these in detail and the ways they explicitly relate to my personality and the different experiences and activities of my life. I have also researched several articles that discuss transformational leadership and how this pertains to the literature on the subject. I will discuss transformational leadership in comparison to my own strengths, and explain how my leadership style may progress

The Logistics of a Third-World Relief Operation Free Essays

Due to the Internal cooperation and collaboration within INCUR a great amount of knowledge emerges. This knowledge, later, Is shared with other organizations (Nags). The extensive cooperation, coordination and communication are the key successful factors for the productive partnership between both of the companies. We will write a custom essay sample on The Logistics of a Third-World Relief Operation or any similar topic only for you Order Now They are on the right way because frequently they organize meetings to discuss and Implement Improvements. An Important factor INCUR should consider Is to enter Into an alliance with local government and military. Military plays a crucial role in this field; he principal reason for reaching an agreement with it is that military possesses security and emergency responses. Cooperation with government can minimize cultural differences between the refugees and the personal of the organizations. While, military participation can be useful when unforeseen events, such as meteorological or political circumstances, occur (e. G. Providing airplanes in order to reduce supplies lead times). From the standpoint of incoming supply and storage of non-food-items (blankets, water cans, kitchen sets†¦ It can be said that the unit logistic system was not able to predict the amount of goods that would arrive at the warehouse. They did not have any control over the consignments (size, deliveries times); consequently enormous obstacles are likely to arise in satisfying refugees’ needs. A solution to this problem can be the implementation of a SIT system. The core of this system is to Increase the productivity through maintaining Inventories at a minimum level. Perhaps, this is a possibility for the necessity of more space than contemplated for non-food items. Thus, it would enable them to order the exact amount of food they need. On the one hand, this allows a flexible system that is able to confront unpredictable changes. On the other hand, SIT system may have some disadvantages. In some cases this system would not be able to meet unforeseen orders. The major issue that the senior logistics officer has to face is linked to the transportation of goods. A radical change about it is necessary. Infrastructure in Rwanda Is extremely poor. Climate, bad roads conditions, non-protective nature of he labor/w;irking conditions for the drivers worsen the situation even more. With regard to the latter, a working day of 8 hours and a drivers’ rotation in one Journey, are likely to force simple modifications. These modifications can lead greater operational efficiency. Transport capacities play a pivotal role in improving the management of supplies. Andrew should precisely estimate the exact number of trucks required each time: the duration of the trip, how long it takes to undead 1 OFF other related issues. Uncertain situations such as inconsistent information or cultural preferences constitute a barrier that could lead to enormous delays and unfulfilled demands. Therefore, delivering the right amount of supplies within the due dates is a task that all involved organizations must satisfy. Moreover, assessment (e. G. Data gathering) before implementing a new relief operation is indispensable in order to build a strong plan. If an organization aims to develop an effective relief logistic system, it is essential to analyze thoroughly its investment in vulnerable transport and communication. How to cite The Logistics of a Third-World Relief Operation, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

LEtranger By Albert Camus Essays - Albert Camus, Meursault, Marie

L'Etranger By Albert Camus In L'etranger, an existentialist novel written by Albert Camus, the reader begins to discover that women are treated abusively or poorly. The main character in L'etranger, Meursault, views women as lesser than men; which ultimately conveys how women were thought of in Africa for that time period. In the second chapter, the reader first begins to get an idea of Meursault character, and his feelings towards women. After swimming with Marie Cordona, who once worked as a typist at Meursault office, he invites her to the cinema. This is very inappropriate, as his mother had died only a few days earlier. During the film, Meursault proceeds to fondle Maries breasts, and eventually kisses her. Shortly after the movie, Marie comes with Meursault back to his flat. This shows that Meursault thinks that women are merely in his life for pleasure; and no greater meaning such as love. On page 38, Marie asks if Meursault loves her; and he simply told her that it didn't mean anything, but he didn't think so. This emphasizes how Meursault does not believe in love, and does not like Marie for anything but a physical relationship, and possibly and as something to do. The way in which Meursault feels about women is not uncommon for this time period, as there were much more important things in life such as holding down a job and a daily routine than things such as loving someone. Most men in Algiers at this time only lived their lives, and did not think that women could be anything greater than an object or for physical reasons. Another example of how Meursault does not consider women as equals, but as lesser people, is when Marie asks if Meursault wanted to marry her. Meursault responds by saying that didn't mind and that they could if she wanted to. She then goes on to ask if he loves her and again he says that it didn't mean anything, but he probably didn't. Marie also said that marriage is a serious matter, but Meursault only said ?No'. This shows that not only does he not think that love is unimportant, but he also thinks that marriage doesn't mean anything. If Meursault does not care about love or marriage, then it shows that he also cares little for women, and in this case Marie. When Meursault and Marie are on the landing listening to Raymond beat one of his mistresses, Marie asks Meursault to fetch a police officer, but Meursault said that the didn't like policemen. This shows that Meursault didn't care that a woman was being hurt, because he would not even consider getting a policeman to stop the fight. Also, when Raymond asks Meursault to act as a witness, Meursault agrees to say that the woman was cheating on Raymond. By telling the police this, it got Raymond off the hook, and also showed that the policemen thought that it was all right to punish a woman if she had cheated on Raymond. Again, this emphasises the womens position in society. For the reasons stated above, Albert Camus conveys to the reader that women are considered lesser than men by Marsaud, and in the whole of Africa during that time period. Bibliography Camus, Albert. L'Etranger. London, England : Penguin Books, 1982

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Blacks and Women in the Revolutionary War essays

Blacks and Women in the Revolutionary War essays The American Revolution was a time when America would transform from an extension of Britain into a new and independent nation. Although the Revolution gave way to new freedom and government, the rights of many groups were ignored during this period of time. The Declaration of Independence claimed to give liberty and justice to all Americans, but not everyone received these freedoms. The Revolutionary War would create opportunities for many minorities whose liberties were often taken advantage, and also allow these groups to develop themselves socially as well as politically. Two groups who would undergo drastic change as a result of the war were women and African Americans. Through the course of the American revolution, people began to look at women and African Americans in a different way than they had before. The reforms that were a result of the Revolutionary War gave new freedoms to many living in America, however, women were not fully encompassed in these reforms. Life in revolutionary America, for most women, meant staying in the home and playing a supporting role to their husbands, brothers, and even sons. Colonial women were subject to long hours of ironing, cooking, cleaning, sewing, and knitting all for the benefit of their husband and families. Under American and English law, women were virtually always the property of another man. Until a women turned 21, they were under legal control of their father, and upon marriage, under control of her husband. This meant that women were not only ignored as individuals with opinions and beliefs, but they did not have the right to own property. In colonial times, women invariably had no say in any matter of politics, but when the Revolutionary War began women began to engage themselves in political debate. This was mostly upper-class, educated women, and their opinions were sometimes even featured in newspapers. The major difference from colonial times to life during ...

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Biography of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand

Biography of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej (December 5, 1927–October 13,  2016) was the king of  Thailand  for 70 years. At the time of his death, Adulyadej was worlds longest-serving head of state and the  longest-reigning  monarch in  Thai history. Adulyadej  was known for being a calming presence at the center of Thailands recent stormy political history. Fast Facts: Known For:  King of Thailand (1950–2016), the longest-reigning monarch in the worldAlso Known As:  the Great (Thai:  Ã  ¸ ¡Ã  ¸ «Ã  ¸ ²Ã  ¸ £Ã  ¸ ²Ã  ¸Å ,  Maharaja), Rama IX, Phumiphon AdunlayadetBorn: December 5, 1927  in Cambridge, MassachusettsParents: Prince Mahidol (1892–1929) and Srinagarindra (nà ©e Sangwan Talapat)Died:  October 16, 2016 in Bangkok, ThailandEducation: University of LausanneAwards and Honors:  Human Development Lifetime Achievement AwardSpouse: Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kiriyakara (m. 1950)Children: Maha Vajiralongkorn (king of Thailand 2016–present), Sirindhorn, Chulabhorn, Ubol Ratana Early Life Bhumibol Adulyadej (known as Phumiphon Adunlayadet or King Rama IX) was born on December 5, 1927, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, into the royal family of Thailand. As the second son born to his parents, and because his birth took place outside of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej was never expected to rule Thailand. His reign came about only after his older brothers violent death. Bhumibol, whose full name means strength of the land, incomparable power, was in the United States because his father, Prince Mahidol  Adulyadej, was studying for a public health certificate at Harvard University. His mother, Princess Srinagarindra (nà ©e Sangwan Talapat), was studying nursing at  Simmons College  in Boston. When Bhumibol was 1, his family returned to Thailand, where his father took up an internship in a hospital in Chiang Mai. Prince Mahidol was in poor health, though, and died of kidney and liver failure in September 1929. Revolution and an Education In 1932, a coalition of military officers and civil servants staged a coup against King Rama VII. The Revolution of 1932 ended the Chakri dynastys absolute rule and created a constitutional monarchy. Concerned for their safety, Princess Srinagarindra took her two young sons and young daughter to Switzerland the following year. The children were placed in Swiss schools. In March 1935, King Rama VII abdicated in favor of his 9-year-old nephew, Bhumibol Adulyadejs older brother Ananda Mahidol. The child-king and his siblings remained in Switzerland, however, and two regents ruled the kingdom in his name. Ananda Mahidol returned to Thailand in 1938, but Bhumibol  Adulyadej remained in Europe. The younger brother continued his studies in Switzerland until 1945,  when he left the University of Lausanne at the end of World War II. Succession On June 9, 1946, young King Mahidol died in his palace bedroom from a single gunshot wound to the head. It was never conclusively proved whether his death was murder, accident, or suicide. Nevertheless, two royal pages and the kings personal secretary were convicted and executed for the crime of assassination. Adulyadejs uncle was appointed his prince regent, and Adulyadej returned to the University of Lausanne to finish his degree. In deference to his new role, he changed his major from science to political science and law. An Accident and a Marriage Just as his father had done in Massachusetts, Adulyadej met his wife-to-be while studying overseas. He often went to Paris, where he met the daughter of Thailands ambassador to France, a student named Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kiriyakara. Adulyadej and Sirikit began a courtship, visiting Paris romantic tourist sights. In October 1948, Adulyadej rear-ended a truck and was seriously injured. He lost his right eye and suffered a painful back injury. Sirikit spent a lot of time nursing and entertaining the injured king; the kings mother urged the young woman to transfer to a school in Lausanne so that she could continue her studies while getting to know Adulyadej better. On April 28, 1950, Adulyadej and Sirikit were married in Bangkok. She was 17 years old; he was 22. The king was officially crowned one week later, becoming Thailands monarch and officially known thereafter as King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Military Coups and Dictatorships The newly crowned king had very little actual power. Thailand was ruled by military dictator Plaek Pibulsonggram until 1957  when the first of a long series of coups removed him from office. Adulyadej  declared martial law during the crisis, which ended with a new dictatorship forming under the kings close ally, Sarit Dhanarajata. Over the next six years, Adulyadej would revive many abandoned Chakri traditions. He also made many public appearances around Thailand, significantly reviving the prestige of the throne. Dhanarajata died in 1963 and was succeeded by Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn. Ten years later, Thanom sent out the troops against huge public protests, killing hundreds of protestors. Adulyadej opened Chitralada Palaces gates to offer refuge to the demonstrators as they fled the soldiers. The king then removed Thanom from power and appointed the first of a series of civilian leaders. In 1976, however, Kittikachorn returned from overseas exile, sparking another round of demonstrations that ended in what came to be known as The October 6 Massacre, in which 46 students were killed and 167 injured at Thammasat University. In the aftermath of the massacre, Admiral Sangad Chaloryu staged yet another coup and took power. Further coups took place in 1977, 1980, 1981, 1985, and 1991. Although Adulyadej  tried to stay above the fray, he refused to support the 1981 and 1985 coups. His prestige, however, was damaged by the constant unrest. Transition to Democracy When a military coup leader was selected as prime minister in May 1992, huge protests broke out in Thailands cities. The demonstrations known as Black May turned into riots, and the police and military were rumored to be dividing into factions. Fearing a civil war, Adulyadej called the coup and opposition leaders to an audience at the palace. Adulyadej was able to pressure the coup leader into resigning. New elections were called and a civilian government was elected. The kings intervention was the beginning of an era of civilian-led democracy that has continued with just one interruption to this day. Bhumibols image as an advocate for the people, reluctantly intervening in the political fray to protect his subjects, was cemented by this success. Death In 2006, Bhumibol suffered from lumbar spinal stenosis. His health began to decline and he was hospitalized frequently. He died at the Siriraj hospital in Bangkok on October 16, 2016. Crown prince Vajiralongkorn  ascended to the throne, and his official coronation was held on May 4, 2019. Legacy In June of 2006, King Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit celebrated the 60th Anniversary of their rule, also known as the Diamond Jubilee. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented the king with the UN’s first Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award to Bhumibol at a ceremony in Bangkok as part of the festivities. Although he was never intended for the throne, Adulyadej  is remembered as a successful and beloved king of Thailand, who helped calm turbulent political waters over the decades of his long reign. Sources Beech, Hanna. King of Thailand to Be Formally Crowned in an Ornate Spectacle. The New York Times, May 3, 2019.Editorial Board. The King Who Personified Thailand. The New York Times, October 14, 2016.  Grossman, Nicholas,  Dominic Faulder, Chris Baker et al. King Bhumibol Adulyadej: A Lifes Work: Thailands Monarchy in Perspective. Editions Didier Millet, 2012Handley, Paul M. The King Never Smiles: A Biography of Thailands Bhumibol Adulyadej. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2006.  Bhumibol, a King of the People, Leaves Them to the Generals. The New York Times, October 13, 2016.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Strengths and weaknesses of post-modern organization theory Essay

Strengths and weaknesses of post-modern organization theory - Essay Example Many of the givens about order, structure, communication, and the division of roles have been adjudged as transactions of power between two or more competing perspectives. On this note, it becomes important to consider the application of power in a way that reviews and possibly adjusts the positions that were previously held firmly within the understanding of modernism. In essence, post-modern theory of organization seeks to relax the strict positions promoted within the structures of modernism (Hatch, & Cunliffe, 2013, p. 60). Such a process relates to the imagining of the positions, roles, and processes of management and the elevation of various positions that were built on seemly irreducible principles. The increasing of alternatives in standard procedures have opened avenues for experimentation with new systems. The fluid natures of the markets, the flexibility of commercial processes have moved the center of organizational expression from the previous positions in ways that connect well within the different positions that are adopted within current systems. Changes in organizational culture and the impact of globalization and liberalization are viewed as some of the landmark factors, which have influenced the emergence of fresh perspectives on the organization in terms of systems and structures (Hatch, & Cunliffe, 2013, p. 11). In the current p rocesses of organization, the manifestations of many changes within the organization are considered as outgrowths of the dominant ideology. The post-modern theory of organization contests the view that the traditional and conventional systems of organization are natural (Linstead, 2004). Instead, the theory affirms that all such processes are transient, flexible, and socially constructed. The internal workings of such systems is created in a way that makes it to respond to certain aspects of change that connect with change. Interpretations of the primacy of conventional and standardized systems as designed by modernism are entrenched within unyielding perspectives that promote the notion of absolute truths and systems. Such arguments have been used to promote authoritarian styles of leadership and organizational structure as understood together with other ideas that affirm the primacy of systems and processes. In the analysis of the manner in which an organization determines the ord er of its structure, theorists have sought parallels and precedents from past and existing systems. The force of history and the high value of metanarratives that determine the nature of processes are some of the qualifying factors, which help entrench the systems that have been naturalized by the force of modernisms (Hancock & Tyler, 2001). According to critics of modernism, the aspect of modernism seeks to establish firm positions and to impose laws and procedures in ways that leave little room for the expression of alternative thought. It has often been argued that the substance of modernism connects the positions held by the dominant powers and implants them onto all other systems in order to defeat every effort that attempts to demonstrate some desire for alternatives. Corporate